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Globally floods are affecting more people than any other type of disaster, the same is true for the developing and developed South East Asian nations. However in South-East Asia the losses due to water-related calamities are heavier, costlier, more impacting.
Cities in Asia represent 83% of the global population affected by sea level rise. In Indonesia for instance 95% of the natural disasters are said to be hydrometeorological (flood, landslides, small tornadoes).
Massive increase in population, intensified urbanisation and fast developing economic activities over the past decades, climate change and high demands for food and energy, in combination with lack of proper long-term land use planning, deforestation and limited capacity for adaptation have exacerbated the severity of flood risk.
At the 2019 Southeast Asia Flood Disaster Risk Reduction and Water Resilience Management Summit, government officials, investors, EPCs, institutes, infrastructure and urban planners and NGO`s will be meeting architects, technology and equipment vendors, distributors and consultants. Discussions will tackle long-term vision planning, structural civil engineering works and disaster readiness technologies that will help countries to better cope with flood risks.
Recently more important investments are dedicated to preventive reduction of flood impact, and to improved systems for limiting casualty numbers. Malaysia is along with Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam… investing in structural engineering and water works, as well as optimized disaster response programs. Non-structural systems such as flood forecasting or warning systems are put high on agendas. Malaysia`s budget allocation for flood mitigation saw a steep rise in 2018, and is expected to rise event stronger in 2019. Forecast models expect the country to double the budget between 2020 and 2030.